Is Burlap Biodegradable?

Burlap is a multipurpose material perfect for various gardening and art projects. People want to make maximum use of something until it has lived out its life.

Tosnail 10 Yard Long 12" Wide Natural Burlap Fabric Roll for Craft Projects, Home Decor, Wedding Decor

However, there comes a time when every material has to be thrown away, and burlap isn’t an exception.

Many people wonder whether this durable fabric is biodegradable or not.

If you’re one of them, you’re in the right place. In this article, we’ll explore the biodegradability of burlap and its implications for the environment.

Is Burlap a Biodegradable Material?

Good news! Burlap is indeed 100% biodegradable in its natural state. As it’s an organic material, it breaks down over time when exposed to elements such as sunlight, moisture, and microorganisms.

This makes it a better choice for environmentally-conscious consumers compared to synthetic materials that take hundreds of years to decompose.

Because it is free of chemicals, it is safe for humans, animals, and the environment in general.

How is Burlap Made?

Burlap falls into the category of natural fibers, and it is mostly made of jute. However, it can also be made from flax and hemp.

This woven fabric is extremely durable, but its brittle texture is unsuitable for making human clothing.

The material is harsh and too itchy for human skin.

However, its coarse composition makes it the ideal candidate for items like sandbags, tote bags, and landscape fabric.

Furthermore, it is easy to dye and heat resistant. The beige color in burlap comes from jute, which is naturally golden in color.

When making burlap, jute stems are soaked in water. These stems are allowed to sit in water until they soften.

After removing them from the water, they are cut into fine strips and left to dry in the sun.

Next, these strips are taken to a mill and processed. This is where twisting and spinning takes place.

Lastly, these jute straps are woven and shaped into materials like burlap.

How Long Does Burlap Take To Decompose?

Burlap can start degrading after four to six months of use, depending on what it is exposed to.

Like all products made from plants, burlap is also biodegradable. When thrown in a pile of compost, it will start deteriorating.

Moreover, it can absorb moisture, which allows it to decompose quickly.

The decomposition process begins when burlap is exposed to elements like sunlight, water, and microorganisms.

These natural factors break down the fibers, returning them to the soil as nutrients.

Factors Affecting Decomposition of Burlap

Several factors can influence the rate at which burlap decomposes.

These include:

  • Water: Moisture is essential for the growth and activity of the microorganisms responsible for breaking down burlap. If there’s not enough water, the decomposition process slows down.
  • Oxygen: Microbes require oxygen to thrive and effectively break down burlap. Proper aeration in the compost pile ensures there’s enough oxygen for the decomposition process.
  • Temperature: A higher temperature accelerates the microbial activity and decomposition rate. A warm and moist environment is ideal for efficient decomposition of burlap.

The Environmental Impact of Burlap

Being a plant-based material, burlap is safe for the environment. Moreover, because it decomposes quickly, it results in lesser destruction.

Furthermore, the production of low burlap is sustainable, and therefore, it doesn’t pose any serious threat to environmental elements like water, air, vegetation, and soil.


Burlap is an eco-friendly material made from natural fibers obtained from the jute plant.

This makes it a great alternative to synthetic materials like plastic or polyester, which can have harmful effects on the environment.

Burlap is biodegradable, meaning it will decompose naturally over time without causing pollution or harm to the ecosystem.


Jute plants, which are used to produce burlap, are fast-growing renewable resources.

These plants can reach full maturity in just four to six months, making burlap an easily replenishable material.

Furthermore, jute is often grown without the use of harmful pesticides or fertilizers, contributing to its sustainability as an environmentally friendly option.

Reduced Pollution

Using burlap in place of synthetic materials can help reduce pollution in various ways.

Since it is biodegradable, burlap does not create harmful waste that persists in landfills or the natural environment.

Additionally, the production process of burlap results in lower levels of energy consumption, water pollution, and air pollution when compared to the manufacturing processes of synthetic materials like plastics.

Carbon Impact

As a natural and sustainable material, burlap has a relatively low carbon impact.

This is partly due to the fact that jute plants absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while they are growing.

Using burlap instead of non-biodegradable materials can make a positive contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and combating climate change.

When Can Burlap Harm the Environment?

Burlap may be dangerous to the environment if it contains pesticides and similar chemicals.

When choosing burlap for gardening and art projects, make sure you opt for the most organic product.

However, there are some cases in which chemicals are added to burlap. Some of those chemicals are as follows.


Sometimes, burlap that is washed in detergents contains remnants of oxidants, surfactants, and fabric softeners.

These chemicals can cause water pollution.


Burlap products used for decorative purposes have artificial coloring added to them.

The dyes used to color burlap products can be detrimental to the environment if those products are burnt or thrown into landfills.

Chemical Treatments

To achieve particular characteristics (e.g., mold and mildew resistance), burlap may be treated with fungicides or other chemicals.

These treatments can affect its biodegradability and may pose risks to the environment or human health.

Copper Sulfate

Copper sulfate is found in burlap products that are used in nurseries. Make sure not to use burlap bags you get from such places.

Fungicides and Pesticides

Some manufacturers use fungicides and pesticides like Compsol in their Burlap bags to prevent any fungal growth, thus extending the life of the burlap bag.

When choosing burlap products, make sure to select the ones that haven’t been treated with harsh chemicals.

By doing so, you will surely do a service to your environment.

Flame Retardants

For safety reasons, some burlap products receive flame retardant treatments, which can hinder the fabric’s biodegradation.

Always check the label and avoid using flame-retardant burlap when seeking an eco-friendly option.

Avoid Synthetic Burlap

It’s crucial to differentiate between natural burlap and synthetic alternatives designed to mimic its appearance:

  • Natural Burlap: Typically made from the jute plant’s fibrous plant material, natural burlap is biodegradable and environmentally friendly.
  • Synthetic Burlap: Often made of plastic or petroleum-based materials, synthetic burlap may have a similar look and feel to natural burlap, but it is not biodegradable.

To ensure you’re using a genuinely eco-friendly material, choose natural burlap products and avoid synthetic alternatives.

Check labels for information on the product’s composition and, when in doubt, ask questions or conduct additional research.

Reasons to Choose Burlap Over Other Materials

Burlap is the chosen material for gardeners because of its sustainability.

Furthermore, because of its strength, it is used to make weed brackets, bags, containers, and plant baskets.

Here are some of the reasons to choose burlap over other materials.

Tough Woven Material

The best thing about burlap is the tough nature of the fabric. The material is strong and capable of carrying fruits and vegetables without breaking or tearing.

The jute-based organic material adds to the structural integrity of burlap bags.

Also, these bags have natural breathability, which provides ample ventilation to organic food items, thus keeping them from going bad.

Eco-Friendly and Natural

Burlap comes from jute which grows naturally.

It means that all the products that come from jute are biodegradable, which makes jute extremely environmentally friendly.

This makes it a great alternative to synthetic materials like plastic or polyester, which can have harmful effects on the environment.

This is part of the reason why burlap bags are used in nurturing to nurture smaller plants.


The burlap material is known for its quality and its versatility. Most burlap bags come in three varieties, i.e., weave, coarse and broad.

The finer the weave, the more ideal it will be for sewing and decor projects, while coarse burlap bags are used to secure plants in outdoor settings.

Heavy Fabric

Burlap is heavier, more durable, and stronger. Therefore, they are also used as sandbags. Thanks to the superiority of the material.


Lastly, burlap is a versatile material that serves various purposes. It is used in blood barriers, sack race bags, and storing tools.

Sustainable Uses of Burlap

As discussed above, burlap is versatile. Here are some ways to use burlap in the most sustainable fashion.

Plant Protection

During the cold winter months, burlap can be used as screens with supports to prevent harsher winds from whipping out shrubs, flowers, vines, and other plants.


Burlap can also be used as temporary mulch. Sometimes, newly created flower beds aren’t immediately filled with plants.

Gardeners wait for some time before planting things in them. Before they are filled, they can be covered up by burlap.

Temporary mulching with burlap is a great way to prevent weed growth. Remember, this is only a short-term tactic and shouldn’t be prolonged.

Pots and Planters

As discussed above, being a porous material, burlap sacks are used for making planters and pots.

The burlap’s porosity prevents moisture retention, thus drying out the soil before the next watering and preventing root rot.

Furthermore, burlap sacks have a rustic look and can be used as planters around the house, thus adding style to your living space.

They can also be hung in a direction where sunlight can easily reach them.

Vegetables like spinach and lettuce can also be grown in burlap sacks. Also, you have to invest in some seeds and potting mix.

Making Tablecloths, Curtains, and Sacks

Because it is strong, it can be used for making a variety of bags, such as sandbags.

Burlap’s ability to hold paint and dye makes it an ideal medium for various crafts, ranging from personalized tote bags to decorative wall art pieces.

Moreover, because of their bucolic look, some people use them to make curtains, adding extra character to their living spaces.

You can also use them as a handy storage item for carrying gardening supplies to and from your lawn.

Some people also use them for making tablecloths to match their house’s theme and decor.

The texture of burlap adds a distinct charm to items like pillowcases and table runners, adding a cozy and rustic touch to homes

Seed Protection

Like any other organic matter, seeds are vulnerable to rot, decay, and pest infestations.

Before they are planted, seeds need ample protection, and what’s better than a burlap sack for storing seeds?

This material has thin fibers that contribute to the breathability of the burlap back.

The spaces in this fabric provide sufficient air and ventilation to the seeds stored within.

As a result, seeds aren’t exposed to too much moisture, protecting them against fungal growth, rot, and pest attacks.

The seeds stay safe and fresh for your next planting project.

Storing Root Balls

Commercial gardeners sell root balls of plants to gardening enthusiasts. These roots can be planted in the soil so that they may grow into trees.

Before they are sold off, root balls of plants must be stored in the most secure fashion.

While there are several ways of storing root balls, nothing comes closer to the efficacy of burlap bags.

Like seeds, it provides the right amount of ventilation to root balls so they remain free from contamination and pest infestation.

Moreover, burlap can be left in the soil, and being a biodegradable material, it decomposes with time.

Is Burlap Compostable?

Yes, burlap is 100% compostable. It can be left on your compost pile and deteriorate with time.

The presence of soil, water, and oxygen in the compost pile promotes the growth of microbes that are essential for the decomposition process.

As burlap decomposes in the compost, it adds organic matter and nutrients, such as nitrogen, to the mix. This makes the resulting compost a rich natural fertilizer for plants.

Proper Composting Methods (Step-by-Step)

When it’s time to dispose of your burlap items, consider composting them.

Burlap is biodegradable and can be turned into nutrient-rich mulch for your garden.

To compost your burlap, follow these steps:

  • Cut the burlap into smaller pieces to speed up the composting process.
  • Make sure your compost pile or bin has a good mix of green materials (e.g., grass clippings or fruit peels) and brown materials (e.g., dried leaves or twigs).
  • Add the burlap pieces to your compost pile or bin, ensuring they are well mixed with the other materials.
  • Keep the compost pile moist (but not wet) by watering it occasionally.
  • Turn the pile regularly to aerate it and promote decomposition.

Frequently Asked Questions about Burlap

Below are some common questions people have about burlap.

What Are the Environmental Benefits of Burlap?

Burlap is an eco-friendly material due to several factors:

  • It is 100% biodegradable, which reduces landfill waste.
  • It is made from a renewable resource (jute plants).
  • The production process for burlap has a lower carbon footprint compared to synthetic materials.
  • Burlap can be reused and recycled for various purposes, further reducing its environmental impact.

Is Untreated Burlap Biodegradable?

Untreated burlap is biodegradable because it is made from natural jute fibers. It can break down naturally in the soil and enrich it with organic matter.

However, it is essential to make sure that the burlap is free of any synthetic materials or chemical treatments that could hinder its biodegradability or harm the environment.

How Is Burlap Made From Jute Plants?

Burlap is made from the fibers of jute plants. The process involves the following steps:

  1. Harvesting jute plants.
  2. Retting: Soaking the plants in water to separate the fibers from the stem.
  3. Stripping: Removing the fibers from the plant’s stem and then cleaning them.
  4. Drying: Sun-drying the fibers until they achieve the desired color.
  5. Spinning: Twisting the fibers into yarns or threads.
  6. Weaving: Using a loom to weave the jute threads into the coarse fabric known as burlap.

Do Burlap Sacks Cause Environmental Harm?

Burlap sacks are generally considered environmentally friendly.

As they are made from biodegradable jute fibers and have a smaller carbon footprint than synthetic materials.

However, some processing methods and chemical treatments can reduce their eco-friendly characteristics.

Opting for untreated, natural burlap sacks can minimize any potential environmental harm.

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