How to Dispose of Straw Bales?

You think you’ve gotten full use out of your straw bales. Now what? Not sure how to properly dispose of them? 

Read on to learn several methods of straw bale disposal, storage, and recycling.

Find the best method for you depending on where you live, local services available, and resources you already have.

What Condition are the Straw Bales?

While you have gotten full use of your straw bales, depending on their condition, there may be many eager people in your community wanting to use them. 

Besides Halloween decor, hayrides, and pumpkin patches, straw bales are extremely useful to gardeners, farmers, nurseries, livestock programs, and eco-friendly neighbors.

Take a good look at your straw bales. If they are dry, clean, and still maintain their shape – they are still usable. Don’t throw them out. Instead, reuse them yourself or give them to others in your community. 

If they are wet, moldy, have mushrooms or other plants growing on them, filled with ants, or falling apart – they should not be used again. These must be recycled or disposed of properly.

Waste Collection Services

You may be able to dispose of old straw bales through local waste management services. Most cities pick up yard waste regularly. 

A large straw bale is too heavy to throw in the trash bin and should be broken down into smaller chunks. These smaller sections can be appropriately bagged and put out for pick-up on trash day. 

Check the specific requirements for yard waste disposal in your area.

If you have several straw bales, consider calling your waste management company to schedule a special large debris pick-up. While this may cost a few extra dollars, it’s often the most convenient method. 

Dispose of Straw Bales Yourself

It may be easier and cheaper to dispose of old straw bales yourself if you have the time and resources.  

Controlled Burn

If the straw is severely damaged, burning is an efficient method of disposal. However, smoke is a significant downside of burning yard waste. Air pollution affects nearby animals and people alike. Another danger is the possibility of the fire getting out of control.

Given the hazards of burning, you must first check with your local authorities to determine if you can legally burn yard waste, if you need a permit, and any other safety requirements you must follow. 

Common reasons that authorities ban burning include being within city limits, proximity to a dwelling, current wind speed & direction, and current air quality. 

Most cities have strict rules and safety requirements regarding burning yard waste. Before anyone considers this option, contact your local fire department.

Watch this informational video from Parenting on the Ranch: Burning Some Old Hay Bales – How To Do A Controlled Burn


Old straw is an excellent ingredient to any compost pile. Whether you’re new to composting or a veteran, those old straw bales will be just what you need. 

Since wet or moldy straw has already begun decomposing, it can actually help your compost pile break down faster. Composting yard waste reduces waste in landfills and creates natural fertilizer.

This is a fantastic way to put essential nutrients right back into our soil and avoid chemical fertilizers. 

If you have more than a few bales of straw, you can use bales to make a composting area. This option is a great alternative to buying a composting barrel or building a bin. 

Learn more about straw composting.

Donate/Sell Usable Bales

Straw bales that are stored correctly can last for several years. If you are looking to get rid of straw bales that are still in good condition, here are a few options.

First, put them out on the curb with a “Free” sign. A passerby might just pick them up! If they sit out for a few days, however, don’t leave them there indefinitely. 

They will begin to rot in the weather, attract pests, become an eyesore to neighbors, and cause more problems. 

Next, reach out to your community. Thanks to social media, people can sell/donate just about anything. 

Post a picture & description of the straw bales (make note of their good condition) on a neighborhood app, Facebook marketplace, or other local social media platform.

Finally, if you still don’t have any takers, get a little more proactive and call a few businesses. Local nurseries would appreciate free straw for mulch, compost, and planters. 

Schools that have a 4-H club could also use good straw for animal bedding.Your discarded straw bales might be someone else’s treasure.

Consider Fake Bales

Many people buy straw bales in autumn for purely decorative purposes. Businesses, churches, schools, and residents like to spruce up their properties with straw bales for holiday events. 

If you plan to use straw bales every year consider purchasing fake hay bales. They offer the feel and aesthetic you are looking for without the hassle of discarding them at the end of each season. 

Check out these fake straw bales available at The Home Depot.

Reuse/Recycle Straw Bales Yourself

A straw bale can serve many purposes. After the holiday decorations have been put up, those straw bales can be put to many other uses.

Store It

If you have the space available, straw bales will last several years if stored properly. Instead of purchasing new straw bales each year, you can save time & money by simply storing them (just like the rest of your holiday decorations). 

Straw should be kept in a dry location with plenty of ventilation. You may have room in a garage, shed, or even outdoors under a tarp. 

Make sure the bales are stored off the ground to prevent damage from moisture.

Beware the risks of high-moisture bale fires. Straw and hay are insulating – it keeps the heat in. 

When large quantities of straw/hay bales get wet and the internal temperature of the stack reaches 130 degrees Fahrenheit, a chemical reaction producing flammable gases can occur. 

These conditions can cause spontaneous combustion, igniting a dangerous fire.


Straw is completely natural, will decompose over time, and contains very few grass seeds. It is a perfect organic material for mulch.

Break down that straw bale into loose material. If you want even finer mulch, you can shred the straw with a wood chipper. Use it to cover a variety of areas. 

Many gardeners lay straw in between rows of plants to prevent weeds, cover mud, and retain moisture. Spread it thinly over lawns to protect new grass seeds and retain moisture which will lead to a thicker, healthier lawn later. 

Create a safe, clear path for yourself (and farm animals) by laying a thick layer of straw over muddy, wet areas.

Make sure you are using straw bales for mulch, not hay bales. Straw is the leftover stalks of cereal grain plants (like wheat) after the grain has been harvested. 

Hay is a grass crop that has been harvested and dried to feed livestock. Hay bales will contain grass seeds and possibly chemical herbicides/pesticides. Loose hay does not make good mulch.

Straw Bale Gardening

Instead of constructing raised-bed or in-ground gardens, straw bales provide a more environmentally friendly, economical, and convenient gardening method. 

Start a new garden or add to your current one using old straw bales.

Position your straw bales in the best location, condition them with water and fertilizer, and then plant flowers and vegetables right in them. Straw bale gardening offers many benefits including:

  • Easy & flexible construction
  • Can be moved (even with growing plants) with a hand truck
  • Requires fewer gardening tools
  • Fewer weeds
  • Less plant disease
  • Best use of biodegradable material

Many gardeners use old straw bales as insulation for their garden during the colder season. 

Animal Bedding

Straw is the most popular material for livestock bedding including cows, goats, sheep, horses, and chickens. 

Straw absorbs moisture to keep animals dry, insulates against cold, provides a comfortable place to sleep or nest, and can withstand a lot of use before needing to be cleaned out. 

Reuse your old straw bales to make your farm animals happy and healthy.

Given that straw does not have much nutritional value (as opposed to hay), straw bales should not be used as livestock feed.

Final Thoughts

Straw bales hold a special place in our holiday traditions but are also essential material for gardening enthusiasts and farming communities. 

A solid straw bale can be used many times over in its lifetime, serving many purposes. Once the quality declines, we can dispose of them safely and efficiently.

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